Pruning Rose Bushes Creates More Beautiful Blooms and More of Them

Ideally, rose bushes are pruned to stimulate fresh vegetation and flower, take out decayed or defective wood, and allow more sunshine and air into the interior portion of the plant by cutting off unrestrained vegetative growth. This provides better flow, regulate the number and quality of the bloom, and enhance the overall view of the plant. Pruning rose bushes may also assist in preventing the risk of plant pests by taking out potential sites where these pests might live.

So when is the best time to prune? The ideal time for this process depends on the species of your rose plants and the place or locale where you are growing them. Most of the pruning is done in early spring or when the leaf buds of your rose plant start to swell. In other words, pruning should be made before start of growth for the season. However, there are rose varieties that bloom only once in the season. For these varieties, it is best to prune them after they have flowered in the summer. If you prune them too early, you will not see their bloom until the next year. In areas where there is more wind and snow, pruning in late autumn is done to make the stems shorter so they do not snap or be blown away in the wind or break at the lowest part when weighed down with snow.

What then are the essentials of pruning rose bushes? First is to utilize tools that have been honed and cleaned well. You may have an idea of how the plant will be formed but start pruning at the lowermost part of the plant. Be creative in allowing free flow of air and sunlight into the middle portion of the plant. Cuts are to be made preferably at an angle of 45 degrees about 1 centimeter over a stem bud that is directed outwards. Make a neat cut and not an irregular one. Cut out all defective wood such as damaged, broken, dead or dying ones. The cut must be as near to the lowermost part as possible.

All branches that look withered or dried-up have to be removed. Take out all feeble or thin limbs that are slimmer than a pencil. If pests are infesting your area, you may close the cut with white glue. Take off all disarranged stems including those that are placed too close to each other and those that are growing out in the incorrect orientation. Take out the shoots under the graft. Then cut off the remaining leaves.

Pruning rose bushes may seem a daunting task to some gardeners but it brings countless benefits to the plant. To become an able rose gardener, one needs patience, time, and effort. Always remember that practice makes perfect. At the beginning, you may do a very bad pruning but bear in mind pruning mistakes rarely kill a rose plant. It may look deformed but the rose plant will just grow out of the …

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Top Three Reasons Persian Rugs are So Popular

Persian rugs are certainly a statement piece in any space, be it homes, hotels or stylistic restaurants. They catch the eye and give a glimpse into Iranian history and craftsmanship. But what exactly makes them the rug that stands above the rest? Here are three reasons why the Persian rug still stands the test of time.

Top Three Reasons Persian Rugs are So Popular


Persian rugs are renowned for their superiority when it comes to quality. With many of the rugs still made in the traditional way; hand-woven, they are a cut above the more modern Persian rugs, mass-produced rugs found in home stores. While you can still achieve quality and style with machine-made Persian rugs, you can look for the more traditional hand-woven rugs by checking the knots on the underside. Machine-made rugs will be more ‘perfect-looking’ and neat on the underside where the knots line the edging – almost immaculate.  While this still makes for a gorgeously-finished rug, if you have a little wiggle room in your budget, the hand-woven rugs are the more traditional, and offer that extra piece of historical relevance.


One of the most appealing things about Persian rugs is the fact that the art of the hand-woven style is part of a rich, cultural history that has seen war, peace and uprising. Initially, Persian rugs would have been made for practical uses only, to cover cold, damp floors, particularly for the comfort of tribesmen. The craft of Iranian carpet and rug-weaving can be traced back over two and a half thousand years. The art of rug-making is steeped in Iranian history, with the skills to weave in this style being passed down through multiple generations. Styles will have shifted and changed over time as trade developed and grew, and travel across different areas of the country afforded a stylistic evolution.


Speaking of style, this is certainly the most obvious appeal of the Persian rug. While you can attain more modern patterns for a more modern-styled space, the original, historical styles still remain and offer a unique and stunning centrepiece in any room. The more traditional styles are inspired less by the plainer, more practical rugs form where the craft originated, and more by the art that followed, and the representations of colour and environment. Their designs are timeless, and absolutely beautiful. …

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Understanding the Process of Growing Climbing Roses

To many people’s surprise, there is much more to rose gardening than expected. What you will find is there are a plethora of different rose species that can be included in the garden. One kind of rose that every garden should possess is climbing roses, which are also identified as pillars, ramblers, trailing roses and ever-blooming roses.

One struggle that some face with growing climbing roses is that they cannot grow their own support structures. Because of these, they do not have the capability of holding onto structures like vines do. For this reason, it is essential you as the gardener attach the plant to some kind of structure to properly hold it upright. While there are numerous structures that can be used, a few options include trellis’, arbors, fences, sheds, pillars and walls.

It is up to you to determine how to grow the climbing roses as they can be grown laterally or vertically. You will find that vertically grown roses produce more blooms because of the fact that they will produce short spurs along their main stem.

Another difference from climbing roses to other rose plants is that you do not need to prune them near as much. The more you prune the plant the fewer blooms it will produce. For this reason, it is best to leave the plant be for the first two years and then prune them every three to four years.

Outside of the way they grow and how you prune them, there are few differences to expect from growing climbing roses as oppose to any other kinds of roses. While they can do well in part shade, it is crucial you provide somewhere between four to eight hours of direct sunlight every day.

As with any other type of gardening, it is crucial you have an idea and plan with rose gardening to ensure they grow at a healthy and steady rate. One thing you will want to think about is the height or length they will grow to. The reason you need to think about this is because it is vital the structure you pick out can support the height or length. The different species of climbing roses will vary in height from 7 feet to 30 feet.

Two things that can differ the height or length you can expect is the species of climbing roses and the climate you live in. Ever-bloomers will bloom throughout the entire growing season and really jump up in height while spring bloomers will bloom in the spring as the name indicates.

It can be frustrating for some who are used to other kinds of rose gardening to come to climbing roses because it requires a great deal of patience. Do not expect to plant your climbing roses and see growth right away. It will take time for them to get established and start blooming. As soon as they do begin to grow, the overall beauty of the roses makes it all worth the …

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Making the Most of Your Kitchen Space No Matter the Size

Making the Most of Your Kitchen Space No Matter the Size

There are all kinds of kitchens and they all vary in shape and size. The good thing is that they all have the potential to become a great space, but the issue is making the best decisions to ensure that the layout is ideal. The work triangle, or rather the path between food storage, cooking and cleaning areas brings efficiency, but as needs and preferences change, there’s a demand for more. In this read, we are going to take a look at some of the best layouts and solutions for an array of spaces.

Large Kitchens

It is easy to think that with a large kitchen, your space decisions will be easier. However, that is not always the case. The best layout will depend on how you plan to use the kitchen, your style preference, as well as the number of individuals who will be using the room. There is also the need to achieve a balance between aesthetics and functionality as you do not want the kitchen to be too cavernous or too cluttered.

U-Shape Layout

If you have a large space in your kitchen, then you can pick the U-shape cabinet layout with an island in the central region. Cabinets across the three walls provide a large storage space, thus allowing you to keep appliances out of sight. The island on the central area acts as a multipurpose surface, and so, you can use for cooking, doing homework and even socialising.

L-Shape Layout

This is a more open plan configuration that is ideal for flexible dining and living. An L-shaped layout of cabinets accommodates the integration of lounge and dining areas into the kitchen. There is a lot of room to move around and so, this plan is excellent for a family with more than one cook and do not want them bumping into each other all the time.

G-Shape Layout

This is a layout where the kitchen cabinets continually fold into the room, thus creating a workspace that looks like a ‘G’. This layout is excellent if you want the functionality of a kitchen island while enjoying a single continuous stretch of the worktop. It’s also great if you want to maximise the cabinet space. It is popular for conventional designs that keep the dining area separate.

Small Kitchens

If your kitchen space is limited, then your cabinet layout choice is limited. For rectangle kitchens, the L-shape makes sense and for square ones, the U-shape layout without an island is the way forward. However, the vertical layout and storage are the most important factors when picking a design for a small kitchen. These elements are more flexible and can make a world of a difference when it comes to customising the space for your needs.


If you have a limited floor area, the inside of the cabinets is what makes the difference. To make the interiors of your cabinets more efficient, implement pull out solutions in order to gain access of the back of corner …

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Learn About Mobility, Accessibility, and Your Home

Composite front doorAccessibility and mobility are difficulties for quite a few of us. As such, what should you consider in terms of your door design if you need some extra help in staying mobile? This can be those that have clearly defined requirements, like wheelchair users for example, or just those of us getting a bit older and might need a bit more help than we previously did in staying mobile.

That last point is particularly essential given how the UK population is increasingly living longer. Right now, nearly 18% of the UK population is already aged 65 or older, and that’s expected to go up to 25% by the year 2046.

Re-thinking and then remodelling our home designs in order to fit our constantly changing requirements when we age will be crucial for all of us as we age, and we might even have family and friends that are needing those requirements already.

Improving the Accessibility of Entrance Doors

Entrance doors having a sympathetic design is crucial in helping folks of limited or restricted mobility in continuing to lead independent lives.

There are many things which great door design might do in the support of those that require just bit more help in staying mobile so they can minimise their injury risks and keep their independence.

According to Government figures, about a third of all those aged 65 and over, and even half of those aged 80 and over inside the UK, have a fall at least once each year. This, of course, is a source of pain, injury, distress, and loss of confidence.

The addition of a ramp, railing, or handrail might contribute to reduced risk and improved accessibility.

Ease of operation and reliability are also essential. PVC-U and composite doors are increasingly maintenance-free, as they aren’t subject to the warping and twisting that might impact how timber doors operate.

A low threshold is the most important facet to consider, though. A standard door threshold, which is the bottom frame piece you step over, is typically about 70mm. It’s set to this height in order to improve the door sealing and thermal efficiency.

However, at 70mm, might be a difficulty for anyone with limited mobility, which makes it hard for bumping the wheels of a wheelchair over them.

A low threshold will sit at about 12mm high, substantially improving wheelchair-user access.

Wheelchair Access Doors

If you are a wheelchair user, then there are several specific things you might want to consider. That includes ECW, or Minimum Effective Clear Opening Widths.

Guidance recommends that an ideal ECW is 900mm, although older properties can’t always support that.

Other practical considerations come into play. For a standard wheelchair to be able to turn through a full circle of 360 degrees, the required space is 1500mm x 1500mm, which means it’s essential to be sure that there is clutter-free and clear space inside the hallway.

Doors also should open more than 90 degrees in order for wheelchair users to get through unhindered, and …

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