Ideally, rose bushes are pruned to stimulate fresh vegetation and flower, take out decayed or defective wood, and allow more sunshine and air into the interior portion of the plant by cutting off unrestrained vegetative growth. This provides better flow, regulate the number and quality of the bloom, and enhance the overall view of the plant. Pruning rose bushes may also assist in preventing the risk of plant pests by taking out potential sites where these pests might live.
So when is the best time to prune? The ideal time for this process depends on the species of your rose plants and the place or locale where you are growing them. Most of the pruning is done in early spring or when the leaf buds of your rose plant start to swell. In other words, pruning should be made before start of growth for the season. However, there are rose varieties that bloom only once in the season. For these varieties, it is best to prune them after they have flowered in the summer. If you prune them too early, you will not see their bloom until the next year. In areas where there is more wind and snow, pruning in late autumn is done to make the stems shorter so they do not snap or be blown away in the wind or break at the lowest part when weighed down with snow.
What then are the essentials of pruning rose bushes? First is to utilize tools that have been honed and cleaned well. You may have an idea of how the plant will be formed but start pruning at the lowermost part of the plant. Be creative in allowing free flow of air and sunlight into the middle portion of the plant. Cuts are to be made preferably at an angle of 45 degrees about 1 centimeter over a stem bud that is directed outwards. Make a neat cut and not an irregular one. Cut out all defective wood such as damaged, broken, dead or dying ones. The cut must be as near to the lowermost part as possible.
All branches that look withered or dried-up have to be removed. Take out all feeble or thin limbs that are slimmer than a pencil. If pests are infesting your area, you may close the cut with white glue. Take off all disarranged stems including those that are placed too close to each other and those that are growing out in the incorrect orientation. Take out the shoots under the graft. Then cut off the remaining leaves.
Pruning rose bushes may seem a daunting task to some gardeners but it brings countless benefits to the plant. To become an able rose gardener, one needs patience, time, and effort. Always remember that practice makes perfect. At the beginning, you may do a very bad pruning but bear in mind pruning mistakes rarely kill a rose plant. It may look deformed but the rose plant will just grow out of the …Read more